Rear-Rack Precautions - There are two reasons careful bike placement can't be emphasized enough when using a rear rack. First, the bikes need to be high enough so that if you hit a rough stretch of road or a hole, there's no way the wheels can strike the ground as the car bobs up and down. Second, you must keep the wheels well away from the exhaust tailpipe to prevent the heat from melting tires, tubes and wheel reflectors (yes, it's really that hot).
A type of off-season bicycle racing (usually held October through January) around a loop course, which includes natural and man-made obstacles that force dismounting and running while carrying the bike. It was invented in Europe to keep racers fit through the winter.